Saturday, February 8, 2020

The Merits of Privatization Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

The Merits of Privatization - Research Paper Example tes, transcontinental railroad constructed by public and private partnerships during the nineteenth century is one of the earliest examples of privatization in the US. The transcontinental public private partnership is always cited as an example by the people who support privatization. Privatization not only brings efficiency but it also helps in curtailing costs and reduces bureaucracy. (Loulakis, 2003) The recent financial downturn and government bailouts have severely affected the American economy. With the government deficits and costs of borrowing increasing day by day, many leading economists have advocated privatization of government functions which would bring budgetary discipline and would reduce government’s financial burden. Though the consumers are greatly benefited by the reduction in the costs of goods and services due to privatization, the only point which may negatively affect the citizens is accountability. Citizens do not have any control over private companies and cannot punish them, like they can punish the government by not voting for them in state or central elections. Another point of concern with privatization is that private firms operate with only one motive that is profitability, which is secondary in government owned and operated firms. Though, privatization has greatly improved product quality and cost, there are certain services which should not be privatized. Sectors like defense, law enforcement, education and basic healthcare should always be under State control. The future of the country depends a lot on the above mentioned sectors and therefore, the motive of cost cutting, profitability and competition should not come into consideration. However, certain functions like sourcing of certain products can be outsourced. Another reason why these sectors should be under State control is because in case of any adverse events the government must have the capacity and the control to handle the situation quickly and

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Romeo and Juliet Annotated Biboliography Essay Example for Free

Romeo and Juliet Annotated Biboliography Essay This Shakespearean classic tells the tale of a young couple who fall deeply in love finding themselves separated from their happily ever after by their family’s century long conflict. Romeo and Juliet meet and immediately fall in love, their relationship progressing rapidly and living under fear of their family’s reactions they make panicky, over-stressed decisions and find themselves digging their grave deeper and deeper. Shakespeare’s inclusion of puns makes the play feel a bit lighter at times adding much needed humor to this tragedy while his use of metaphors makes amplifies the romance and tension of the play. Setting the play in sixteenth-century Verona, Italy added to the drama and exotic nature of the play, showing royalty, foreign laws and customs. This play will keep the reader interested while including characters you grow to love despite their ignorance and often terrible decisions. Although the story is well written and contains a good blend of humor all readers must be warned, it is not a â€Å"light read† but instead stays completely true to its devastating genre. The levels of depth in personality applied to all characters involved gave it the romantic story line modern classics like Stephanie Myer’s Twilight dream of achieving. Although this book is a practically mandatory read, because of the crude and somewhat gore-filled nature of the play I would suggest that it not be read to children under thirteen or so.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United State

Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United States "By increasing the fertility of the land, it increases its abundance. The improvements of agriculture too introduce many sorts of vegetable foods, which, requiring less land and not more labor than corn, come cheaply to the market." -Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book I.XI.n The United States and the European Union are currently in dispute over the trade of genetically modified organisms. These altered plants produce more fruit per acre than traditional methods of farming while protecting the species from insects, environmental changes, and mutations. The output coupled with the benefits of environmental protection yield better products at a cheaper price for consumers. Adam Smith would favor the technologies of genetic modification because the fertility of the land increases, as well as its abundance. This growth results in more agricultural products on the market that require less land for cultivation, and no increase in labor. The consumer is then presented with a cheaper price because there eliminates the need to incur great labor costs and, at times, crop protection inputs such as pesticides. The European Union should allow these products to enter their market freely, to provide the maximum gain to EU consumers. BIOTECHNOLOGY What is a GMO? GMO stands for a ‘genetically modified organism’. A GMO is artificially developed by scientists to produce specific results such as sustain life through a drought or produce a greater quantity of fruit per plant (Monsanto Corporation:1999). This practice began centuries ago when plants and animals were selectively bred and microorganisms were us... ...ld dominate trade talks." Voice of Agriculture. http://www.fb.org Smith, Adam. 1981 [1776]. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Indianapolis, Indiana: Liberty Press. Trans-Atlantic Business Dialouge. 1998. "Agri-Foods Biotechnology Group Progress Report and Summary of Findings." http://www.eabc.org/progress.htm The United States Department of Agriculture. 1998. "Biotechnology." http://www.useu.be/AGRI/biotech.html The United States Mission to the European Union. 1999. "EU Committee Accepts Two Labeling Proposals For Biotech Food." http://www.useu.be __________. 1999. "USTR Official Position on Biotechnology and Trade." http://www.useu.be __________. 1998. "Genetically Modified Organisms." http://www.useu.be Wambugu, Florence. 1999. "Why Africa needs agricultural biotech." Nature. Volume 400. http://www.nature.com Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United State Genetically Modified Organisms: The European Union vs. The United States "By increasing the fertility of the land, it increases its abundance. The improvements of agriculture too introduce many sorts of vegetable foods, which, requiring less land and not more labor than corn, come cheaply to the market." -Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book I.XI.n The United States and the European Union are currently in dispute over the trade of genetically modified organisms. These altered plants produce more fruit per acre than traditional methods of farming while protecting the species from insects, environmental changes, and mutations. The output coupled with the benefits of environmental protection yield better products at a cheaper price for consumers. Adam Smith would favor the technologies of genetic modification because the fertility of the land increases, as well as its abundance. This growth results in more agricultural products on the market that require less land for cultivation, and no increase in labor. The consumer is then presented with a cheaper price because there eliminates the need to incur great labor costs and, at times, crop protection inputs such as pesticides. The European Union should allow these products to enter their market freely, to provide the maximum gain to EU consumers. BIOTECHNOLOGY What is a GMO? GMO stands for a ‘genetically modified organism’. A GMO is artificially developed by scientists to produce specific results such as sustain life through a drought or produce a greater quantity of fruit per plant (Monsanto Corporation:1999). This practice began centuries ago when plants and animals were selectively bred and microorganisms were us... ...ld dominate trade talks." Voice of Agriculture. http://www.fb.org Smith, Adam. 1981 [1776]. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Indianapolis, Indiana: Liberty Press. Trans-Atlantic Business Dialouge. 1998. "Agri-Foods Biotechnology Group Progress Report and Summary of Findings." http://www.eabc.org/progress.htm The United States Department of Agriculture. 1998. "Biotechnology." http://www.useu.be/AGRI/biotech.html The United States Mission to the European Union. 1999. "EU Committee Accepts Two Labeling Proposals For Biotech Food." http://www.useu.be __________. 1999. "USTR Official Position on Biotechnology and Trade." http://www.useu.be __________. 1998. "Genetically Modified Organisms." http://www.useu.be Wambugu, Florence. 1999. "Why Africa needs agricultural biotech." Nature. Volume 400. http://www.nature.com

Monday, January 13, 2020

Triple X Syndrome

Tracie Emmerich Professor Debbie Seale Biology 101 TR, 8:30-11:30 am 3/6/2012 Triple X Syndrome Triple X Syndrome is a sex chromosome abnormality in which there are three X chromosomes instead of the usual two found in most females. Triple X Syndrome is also known as Trisomy X, Triplo X Syndrome, and XXX Syndrome. The first published report of a woman with a karyotype with a 47, XXX was by Patricia A. Jacobs in 1959 at a hospital in Scotland. Most people have 46 chromosomes, occurring in 23 pairs. These chromosomes contain genes, which carry instructions that determine everything from your height to your eye color.One of these chromosome pairs determines your sex. You receive one sex chromosome from your mother and another from your father. Your mother can give you only an X chromosome, but your father can pass on an X or a Y chromosome. If you receive an X chromosome from your father, the XX pair makes you genetically a female. Females with Triple X syndrome have a third X chromosom e. Triple X syndrome usually results from an error in the formation of a mother's egg cell or a father's sperm cell. Sometimes, triple X syndrome occurs as a result of an error early in the embryo's development.Although this condition is genetic, it's typically not inherited. Instead, what usually happens is that either the mother's egg cell or the father's sperm cell has not formed correctly, resulting in an extra X chromosome. This random error in egg or sperm cell division is called nondisjunction. Nondisjunction is a random event and is not caused by anything either of the baby’s parents did or by any medications they may have taken. When the cause is a malformed egg cell or sperm cell, as is usually the case, all the body's cells have the extra chromosome.In the mosaic form, only some of the body's cells have the third X chromosome. Because only some cells contain the extra X chromosome, females with the mosaic form of triple X syndrome may have less severe symptoms. Tri ple X Syndrome occurs in about 1 out of every 1,000 girls born in the United States. It is estimated that between five and ten girls are born with the condition each day. As far as it is known, the syndrome is equally common in all racial and ethnic groups. The only known risk factor is the mother’s age.Women who are 35 years old or older when they become pregnant are at an increased risk of having a daughter with Triple X Syndrome. Because of the lyonization, (the process by which or the condition in which all X chromosomes of the cells in excess of one are inactivated on a random basis )inactivation and formation of a Barr body, in all female cells, only one X chromosome is active at any time. Thus, Triple X syndrome most often causes no unusual physical features or medical problems. If symptoms do appear, they may include: 1. Tall stature: Taller than other girls and women in the family 2.Small head (microcephaly) Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the circumfere nce of the head is smaller than normal because the brain has not developed properly or has stopped growing. Microcephaly can be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life. 3. Slightly lower weight at birth 4. Epicanthal folds: An epicanthal fold is skin of the upper eyelid — from the nose to the inner side of the eyebrow — that covers the inner corner (canthus) of the eye 5. Delayed development of certain motor skills, speech and language 6.Although rarely exhibiting severe mental impairments, Triple X Syndrome females have an increased risk of learning disabilities such as dyslexia, delayed speech, deficient language skills and delayed development of motor skills. It is possible that learning disabilities and/or delayed development could eventually lead to a variety of other issues, including academic problems, stress, and poor socialization skills that cause social isolation. 7. Weak muscle tone and delayed motor skills: poor coordination, awkw ardness 8. Menstrual irregularities 9. Increased rick of depression 10. Less assertive and quieter than most girls 1. Intelligence (IQ) may be slightly lower than that of other girls and women in the family although mental retardation is unusual. 10-15 points below siblings. Other possible, though much rarer, complications that may occur include: 1. Premature ovarian failure or ovary abnormalities. When the ovaries stop working before the expected age of menopause, there's a decline in the production of certain hormones and eggs are no longer released by the ovaries each month. This can cause infertility. Additionally, girls and women with triple X syndrome may have malformed ovaries. 2. Seizures.Girls and women with triple X syndrome may develop a seizure disorder. 3. Kidney abnormalities. Females born with triple X syndrome may also have abnormally developed kidneys or may have only one kidney. â€Å"There are even rare cases when a female with Triple X syndrome is affected by ch anges such as behavioral problems, midfacial hypoplasia, wide-set eyes, amenorrhea, posteriorly rotated ears, small head, long head, small lower jaw, expressionless face, prominent forehead, enamel hypoplasia, widely spaced nipples, small hands, small feet, kyphosis, lordosis, reduced muscle tone, and mental retardation. There are seldom any observable physical anomalies in Triple X females, other than being taller than average. Most women with Triple X have normal sexual development. Some experience an early onset of menstruation. Triple X women are rarely diagnosed, apart from pre-natal testing methods, unless they undergo amniocentesis and blood tests for medical reasons later in life. Most medical professionals do not regard the condition as a disability.However, if mild delays are present, such status can be sought by parents for early intervention treatment The chromosome change that causes triple X syndrome cannot be repaired, so the syndrome itself has no cure. Also because it is thought to be caused by a by a spontaneous genetic mutation rather than an inherited genetic defect, there is no way to prevent it. However, given the treatable nature of most symptoms and how frequently no symptoms appear at all, it's quite possible to lead a full and normal life despite having this syndrome.Because people with triple X syndrome may be more susceptible to stress, it's important to make sure a female with Triple X Syndrome has a supportive environment as well. Psychological counseling may help, both by teaching their families useful methods of demonstrating love and encouragement, and by discouraging behaviors that they might not realize are negative. According to a Danish researcher who started one of the first Triple X Syndrome support groups in the world, â€Å"If the conditions are good, stable, and stimulating†¦. learning problems rarely have any serious consequences.However, most Triple X girls need remedial teaching at school at one time or anothe r, and it is important they get this help if and when they need it. † The prognosis for girls with this syndrome is generally good. They are not at increased risks of other diseases as far as it is known and have a normal life expectancy. They are less likely to complete college than other girls, but almost all can finish high school with speech therapy or other additional help. While a few may have some social difficulties,. most are able to join the work force, marry, and start families in adult life.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Dating, Marriage, And Divorce - 1365 Words

Dating, Marriage, Divorce Dating, marriage, and divorce are three very important topics that each have commands from God to us. This paper will cover the Godly view on the three, and how the worldly views contradict and harm the marriage bed. First of all, Christian dating compared to â€Å"normal† dating is very different and is viewed as strange to many people. God commands that dating is to be pure and free of sexual immorality. Nowadays, it is just about the opposite of that. Many people decide to live together while they are dating, perhaps to see if they can handle living together, or just because they don’t feel like waiting. Many decide to have sexual relations before marriage. Some do this to see if they have sexul chemistry, or just†¦show more content†¦Genesis 2: 24 says, â€Å"That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.† This is very clear passage that states how special marriage is, and what a blessing sex is i nside of marriage. â€Å"It must be remembered that God has instructed us that the gift of sex has been given man in order to help Him produce children (Gen. 1: 28), express mutual love, receive the benefits of close companionship, and for mutual enjoyment. (Gen. 2: 18-24).† (Counseling Couples Contemplating Divorce) God created Eve from Adam so he would not be alone and so he could be fruitful and increase in number, as in says in Genesis 1:28, â€Å"God blessed them and said to them, â€Å"Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.† Just as Adam loved Eve, husbands are to love their wives as Christ loves the church, and wives are to submit themselves to their husbands. Ephesians 5:33 says, â€Å"However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.† God clearly says that loveShow MoreRelatedDivorce And Its Effect On Society1019 Words   |  5 PagesDivorce has been on a rise in America since the past thirty years. Almost every person might be having a divorced member in its family. Divorce has been reported to be the major cause of suicide as well. Many factors lead to divorce, some of which are online dating, financial problems and physical abuse. In the ancient Roman Republic, a simple statement for divorce was sufficient for the dissolution of a marriage. Some local Church councils even had the equivalent of no-fault divorce, in whichRead MoreThe Problem Of Dating After Divorce1522 Words   |  7 PagesOne of the toughest things to deal with after a divorce is the anxiety of having to start the dating game all over again. This anxiety is often made much worse by the confusion that seem to set in when one is also clueless about what the correct timeline is for dating after divorce. Many divorced people don t know when it is right to start dating again simply because they are also unaware of the fact that more than one type of dating option is available to them. The good news, I’ve come to realizeRead MoreDivorce : The And Legal Ending Of A Marriage1741 Words   |  7 PagesDivorce, which is the termination and legal ending of a marriage of a couple, maybe of the opposite sex or of the same-sex, has been on a rise in America for the past thirty years. Almost every second person has a divorced member in its family today. 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A collectivistRead MoreUnited Arab Emirates Culture : Family, Date And Marriage1021 Words   |  5 PagesCulture (Family, Date and Marriage and Personal Appearance) By Mahoula Dosso Introduction I. Attention getter: I am sure many of you in the audience have noted the differences in cultures of different ethnicities, especially in multiethnic countries, haven’t you? Me too. II. Connect topic to audience: Many people often wonder why the cultures of one tribe might be so different from others from the way they structure their families to the forms of dating and marriage to their personal appearanceRead MoreCohabitation And Marriage : Marriage1669 Words   |  7 Pages Cohabitation and Marriage Lauren Pfeifer Dr. Richard White Christian Marriage 16 April 2014 Cohabitation and Marriage Cohabitation is an increasingly popular relationship reality in the United States. 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The Pros of Marriage: The tradition of marriage was intended to keep couples togetherRead MoreCouples Should Live Together Before Marriage Essay1191 Words   |  5 PagesTopic: Couples should live together before marriage General Purpose: To argue Specific Purpose: To argue that living together before marriage can help a couple be ready for marriage. Central Idea/Thesis Statement: Couples should live together before marriage to (1) learn compatibility, (2) learn partners routines and habits, and (3) for financial relief to prepare for a life together. Introduction According to the National Marriage Project at Rutgers University, cohabitation has become a normalRead MoreEssay about Marital Differences between India and the United States1132 Words   |  5 Pagesmarriages that occur in India and the United States have several dramatic differences. Marriages in India are based solely on parental decisions, whereas in the United States a marriage is based on individualism. Who, why and how the spouse is chosen, is very different in both countries. Most Americans date to discover who their future spouse is going to be, and they know the person very well before marriage. In India, dating is not something that occurs. Most individuals in India do not have anyRead MoreEloping And Quick Vegas Marriages Banned Essay933 Words   |  4 PagesEloping and Quick Vegas Marriages Banned Are tests and courting minimums for marriage a good idea? People marrying today are in to big of a rush, don t know their partners, or what a long-lasting marriage entails. By reading Stephanie Coontz’s article â€Å"The Radical Idea of Marrying for Love† and Aviva Patz â€Å"Will Your Marriage Last?† I came to the conclusion that people should spend more time in a dating, and should be tested to see if they are really ready for marriage. Koontz, a historian, wrote

Saturday, December 28, 2019

How to Fix a Database Connection Error

You use PHP and MySQL together seamlessly on your website. This one day, out of the blue, you get a database connection error. Although a database connection error could indicate a bigger problem, it is usually a result of one of a few scenarios: Everything Was Fine Yesterday You could connect yesterday and havent changed any code in your script. Suddenly today, its not working. This problem probably lies with your web host. Your hosting provider may have the databases offline for maintenance or because of an error. Contact your web server to see if that is the case and, if so, when they are expected to be back up. Oops! If your database is on a different URL than the PHP file you are using to connect to it, it could be that you let your ​domain name expire. Sounds silly, but it happens a lot. I Cant Connect to Localhost Localhost doesnt always work, so you need to point directly to your database. Often its something like mysql.yourname.com or mysql.hostingcompanyname.com. Replace localhost in your file with the direct address. If you need help, your web host can point you in the right direction. My Host Name Wont Work Double-check your username and password. Then, triple-check them. This is one area people often overlook, or they check so quickly they dont even notice their mistake. Not only do you need to check that your  credentials are correct, you should also make sure you have the correct permissions required by the script. For example, a read-only user cant add data to the database; write privileges are necessary. The Database Is Corrupt It happens. Now were entering the territory of a bigger problem. Of course, if you keep your database backed up regularly, youre going to be all right. If you know how to restore your database from a backup, by all means, go ahead and do it. However, if youve never done this, contact your web host for help. Repairing a Database in phpMyAdmin If you use phpMyAdmin with your database, you can repair it. Before you begin, make a backup of the database—just in case. Log in to your web server.Click the phpMyAdmin iconChoose the affected database. If you only have one database, it should be chosen it by default.In the main panel, you should see a list of the database tables. Click Check All.Choose Repair Table from the drop-down menu.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Explore How Stevenson Creates a Sense of Intrigue and...

‘Explore how Stevenson creates a sense of intrigue and engages the reader’s interest in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.’ The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was written by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1886. This book is a classic and has been very successful; therefore it has been turned into several films and theatre productions. The book seizes the reader’s attention and gets straight into drama and action, making it hard to put down. This well thought out and complicated book touches on many topics and themes. There are many reasons why Stevenson has done such a good job of making it very hard to put down this novel, for example, Stevenson’s strong characters, the setting, the plot, how the book is written and the several themes. There are†¦show more content†¦From this description of Mr Utterson, we get a real sense of who he his and how he is a strange and lonely character. Stevenson has been clever the way he worded his description, because he has used alliteration which creates a certain effect and mood. ‘Lean, long, dusty dreary.’ Stevenson has also used hard sounding words which grab the attention of the reader. Stevenson’s characters are not normal, average characters; they are strange, or evil with secrets. Therefore making the reader want to find out the secrets of the characters and what they may be hiding. The theme isolation and loneliness creates mystery for the reader and the reader knows that Utterson is lonely for a reason, so this encourages the reader to find out in depth what the character has been through. The setting relates to the genres and themes and also intrigues the reader to read on as the setting creates the mood for what is going to happen next. For example there are lots of descriptions of the weather, particularly in chapter four. Stevenson describes the weather, as ‘a fog rolled over the city in the small hours, the early part of the night was cloudless, and the lance was brilliantly lit by the full moon’. Stevenson has set chapter four at night, as night is the scariest and gothic time and particularly with a fog, as it makes it hard to see any faces, which could be